The purpose of the TOEFL test is to evaluate proficiency in English writing and reading of people whose native language is not English. It focuses mainly on international students planning to study in the United States, Australia, U.K. Canada and other countries. TOEFL is the most widely respected and popular English-language test in the world required for purposes of admission by colleges and universities in approximately 130 countries. The TOEFL test is administered by Eduational Testing Service (ETS). Read more to get details on ETS TOEFL, what is TOEFL, TOFEL scores, TOEFL sample test and TOEFL registration.
The TOEFL evaluates non-native English speakers' ability to read, write, speak, and listen to English in a similar way that it is spoken and used in educational institutions. This test is important to validate the speaking and writing capabilities of applicants who wish to pursue education in countries where English is the primary langauage. Also, a good TOEFL score is essential for international students to get teaching assistant ships and other on-campus jobs.
There are two formats for the TOEFL test:
TOEFL iBT test which is administered via the Internet and the TOEFL paper-based test (PBT). The specific test format depends on the location of the country and test center. Most test takers take the TOEFL iBT test because the paper-based test is in the process of being phased out in 2012.
TOEFL iBT Format: The four-hour test consists of four sections, each measuring one of the basic language skills in reading, writing, speaking and listening.
|Focus Area||Coverage||Number of Questions||Time Duration||Total Time|
|Listening||4-6 lectures||6 questions||3-5 minutes long||60-90 minutes|
|2-3 conversations||5 questions||3 minutes long|
|Reading||3-5 text passages||12-14 questions||Each passage approx 700 words long||60-100 minutes|
|Speaking||Speak on one familiar topic||2 independant tasks||20 minutes|
|Speak based on what you read and hear||4 independant tasks|
|Writing||Write based on what is read and heard||1 independant task||50 minutes|
|Support an opinion||1 independant task|
TOEFL Paper-Based Format: The TOEFL PBT test takes about three and one-half hours to complete. There is also a 30-minute writing test called the TWE test, which is required by every student appearing for the paper-based test. The total time to take both tests is about four hours.
|Focus Area||Coverage||Number of Questions||Total Time|
|Listening Comprehension||On taped conversations||50 questions||30-40 minutes|
|Structure & Written Expression||Correct sentence structure, sentence completion||40 questions||25 minutes|
|Reading Comprehension||Read and understand short passages||50 questions||55 minutes|
|Written English||Generate and support ideas with evidence, examples and opinion||One Topic||30 minutes|
Practice English: Applicants can practice english by watching English-language television shows, movies and listening to radio programs. Also, when speaking to family or friends, they should converse in English. By practicing the language as much as possible applicants will feel more comfortable with it.
Read Extensively: Applicants should find college-level text books and read essays and other passages to understand idea generation, grammar and context. They should also practice to write summary of what they read to reinforce the language.
Take Practice Tests: Students should invest time in online practice tests which will help them get familiar with TOEFL test format and questions.
The cost of the TOEFL iBT test can range from US$160 to US$250 and varies between countries.The cost of the TOEFL PBT test is US$160. For more information on fees, test dates, locations and formats, please visit the official ETS website.
TOEFL iBT score report contains five scores: one total score on a scale of 0 to 120, and four skill scores, each on a scale of 0 to 30.
1. Listening (0 to 30 points)
2. Reading (0 to 30 points)
3. Speaking (0 to 30 points)
4. Writing (0 to 30 points)
5. Total Score (0 to 120 points)
The TOEFL paper-based test score is determined by the total number of correct answers and contains one score report. The TWE test is reported separately and is not part of the total score. Each of the other sections are scored as follows:
Listening Comprehension (on a scale of 31-68)
2. Structure/Written Expression (on a scale of 31 to 68)
3. Reading Comprehension (on a scale of 31 to 67)
4. Total Score: 310 to 677
The raw score for each section is converted by statistical means to a number that is called the TOEFL test scale. The total paper-based test score is reported on a scale that ranges from 310 to 677.
A TOEFL score is valid for two years. Scores are generally available 5 weeks after the test is taken. The minimum score required for admission depends on the college the applicant applies to because each educational institution defines its own minimum range.
The test is conducted in more than 4,500 centers in 130 countries and is administered by the Educational Testing Service (ETS). For more information please visit the ETS official site.
Applicants can register using one of four methods — online, in person, by phone or by mail. Online registration is the fastest and easiest method. To register for TOEFL please visit the ETS official website.